Anatomy of OBDII (DTC) Diagnostic Trouble Code
A DTC is made up of 5 digits. The figure below demonstrates the
composition of a DTC. With this information it is easier to trouble shoot DTC
without knowing the description of the code.
1st digit B-Body, C-Chassis, P-Powertrain, U-Network
2nd digit 0-SAE, 1 mfg
3rd digit 1 Air & Fuel Metering
2 Air & Fuel Metering (Injector Circuit)
3 Ignition System or Misfire
4 Auxiliary Emissions Controls
5 Vehicle Speed Controls And Idle Control System
6 Computer Output Circuit
4th & 5th digit - two place fault code 0-99
Types of DTCs
There are two categories of DTCs that apply to OBD II. They are listed below with Type A being the more severe.
1. Emissions related.
2. Requests illumination of the MIL after one failed driving cycle.
3. Stores a freeze frame DTC after one failed driving cycle.
I. Emissions related.
2. Sets a Pending Trouble Code after one failed driving cycle.
3. Clears a Pending Trouble Code after one successful driving cycle.
4. Turns on the MIL after two consecutive failed driving cycles.
Stores a freeze frame after two consecutive failed driving cycles.
DTC Codes - P0100-P0199 Fuel and Air Metering
DTC Codes - P0200-P0299 Fuel and Air Metering (Injector Circuit)
DTC Codes - P0300-P0399 Ignition System or Misfire
DTC Codes - P0400-P0499 Auxiliary Emissions Controls
DTC Codes - P0500-P0599 Vehicle Speed Controls and Idle Control System
DTC Codes - P0600-P0699 Computer Output Circuit
DTC Codes - P0700-P0799 Transmission
DTC Codes - P0800-P0899 Transmission